What is a Pimple? | Cosmetology

Pimple

Overview

A pimple is a small pimple or papule. Pimples appear when the sebaceous glands become clogged or inflamed, causing swollen, red, pus-filled lesions. Also known as spots or pimples, pimples are part of acne. It is most likely to occur in puberty, but it can occur at any age.

During puberty, hormone production changes. This can cause the sebaceous glands at the base of the hair follicle to become overactive. As a result, pimples are more likely to appear during the teenage years and around a woman’s menstrual cycle.

Pimples frequently influence the face, back, chest, and shoulders. This is because there are numerous sebaceous organs in these territories of the skin. Acne, the main cause of pimples, affects more than 80 percent of teens. After the age of 25, it affects 3% of men and 12% of women.

Types of pimple

Your skin is full of pores, which can become clogged with pus or oil. When this happens a pimple or cyst forms. Includes the most common types of pimple:

  • Pustules: Deep acne blemishes that are difficult to remove. It is usually red and inflamed. These are blemishes that can cause scarring.
  • Blackheads: When you have open pores that are clogged with oil and dead skin cells, blackheads form. When this mixture of oil and dead skin cells is exposed to air, it makes your pores appear black.
  • Whiteheads: Your pores are clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This can cause a white plug or pus to form under your skin.

Symptoms of pimple

The primary symptoms of pimple are:

  • Blackheads (clearly visible on the surface of the skin).
  • Whiteheads (not visible but developing under the skin layer)
  • Papules (small, hard, round bumps that rise from the skin).
  • Pustules (filled with pus)
  • Cysts.

Causes

The sebaceous glands inside the skin pores produce sebum. When the outermost layers of skin fall off (a natural and continuous process, naturally), dead skin and leftover sebum may stick together and form a blockage in the sebaceous gland at the base of the skin. This pimple is most common as the skin becomes thicker at puberty. The sebaceous organ keeps on delivering sebum, which develops behind the blockage, permitting microorganisms to fill in the territory, including Staphylococcus aureus and Cutibacterium acnes, which causes irritation and disease. Other causes of pimples include family history, stress, fluctuations in hormone levels, hair and skincare products, medication side effects, and undiagnosed or underlying medical conditions. Pimples can be part of the appearance of rosacea.

The American Academy of Dermatology suggests that grown-ups with skin break out use items delegated “non-comedogenic,” “non-comedogenic,” “sans oil,” or “non-comedogenic,” because they are the “most outlandish” to cause skin bothering or pimple or acne Young.

Treatment options

Treatment depends on the severity and the persistence of your acne or pimple.

Mild acne

Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications, such as gels, soaps, pads, creams, and lotions that are applied to the skin. Creams and lotions are best for sensitive skin. The alcohol-based gels dry out the skin and are best for oily skin.

Over-the-counter acne treatments may contain the following active ingredients:

  • Resorcinol: helps break down black and whiteheads
  • Benzoyl peroxide: kills bacteria, speeds up skin replacement, and slows down sebum production.
  • Salicylic Acid: Helps break down blackheads and whiteheads and helps reduce inflammation and swelling
  • Sulfur: Exactly how this works is unknown
  • Retin-A: helps open pores through cell turnover
  • Azelaic acid: strengthens the cells lining the follicles, stops lipid rushes, and reduces bacterial growth. There is an acne cream, but there are other forms that are used to treat rosacea.

It is prescribed, to begin with, the most reduced degrees of solidarity, as certain arrangements can cause skin bothering, redness, or consumption on the main use. These side effects usually subside after continued use. If not, see a doctor.

Treating moderate to severe acne

A skin specialist or dermatologist can treat more serious conditions. They may prescribe a gel or cream similar to the over-the-counter but stronger medication, or an oral or topical antibiotic.

Corticosteroid injection

If the acne cyst becomes severely inflamed, it may rupture. This could lead to scarring. A specialist may treat an infected cyst with a dilute corticosteroid injection. This can help forestall scarring, decrease irritation, and accelerate recuperating. The cyst will dissolve in a few days.

Oral antibiotics

Oral anti-toxins might be endorsed for as long as a half year for patients with moderate to extreme skin inflammation. These aim to reduce the population of P. Acnes. The dose will start high and decrease as the acne clears. P. acnes can become resistant to antibiotics in time, and another antibiotic is needed. Acne is more likely to become resistant to topical antibiotics rather than oral antibiotics. Antibiotics can fight bacterial growth and reduce inflammation. Erythromycin and tetracycline are usually prescribed to treat acne.

Oral contraceptives

Oral contraceptives can help control acne in women by inhibiting hyperthyroidism. It is commonly used as a long-term treatment for acne.

This may not be suitable for women who are:

  • You have a blood clotting disorder
  • smoke
  • You have a history of migraine
  • Are over 35 years old

It is important to see a gynecologist first.

Topical antimicrobials

Topical antimicrobials also aim to reduce P. acnes in patients with moderate to severe acne. Examples include clindamycin and sodium sulfacetamide. A dermatologist may prescribe a topical retinoid. Topical retinoids are a derivative of Vitamin A and they open up pores and prevent whiteheads and blackheads from appearing.

Examples of topical retinoids prescribed in the United States include adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin.

Isotretinoin

This is a powerful retinoid that is taken orally and is used to treat severe cystic acne and severe acne that does not respond to medications and other treatments. It is a strictly controlled drug with potentially dangerous side effects. The patient must sign a consent form to say that he understands the risks.

Unfavorable impacts incorporate dry skin, dry lips, nosebleeds, fetal variations from the norm whenever utilized during pregnancy, and emotional episodes. Patients taking isotretinoin should avoid vitamin A supplements, as it may lead to vitamin A toxicity.

Prevention

To prevent a pimple from occurring, one should take care of the following:

  • Follow a proper diet and live in a clean environment.
  • Drink enough water.
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