Seborrheic Dermatitis Overview
Seborrheic dermatitis is a typical skin condition that principally influences your scalp. It causes scaly patches, redness, and stubborn dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can likewise influence oily areas of the body.
For example- The face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest.
It may go away without treatment or may need several repeated treatments before symptoms go away. Seborrheic Dermatitis may come back later. Every day purging with a delicate cleanser can help lessen sickness.
Seborrheic dermatitis is likewise called dandruff, seborrheic skin inflammation, and seborrheic psoriasis. In infants, the condition is known as cradle cap and it causes scaly, scaly patches to develop on the scalp.
Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis
They may include signs and symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis:
- Flakes of skin (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard, or moustache
- Patches of oily skin covered with white or yellow flaky scales or crusts on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, chest, armpits, groin area, or under the breast
- Red skin
Signs and symptoms may be more severe if you’re stressed, and they tend to flare up in cold, dry seasons.
Seborrheic dermatitis causes
Experts don’t know exactly what causes seborrheic dermatitis. It appears to be a mixture of things, include:
- Your genes
- Yeast that normally lives on your skin without causing problems
- Certain medical conditions and medications
- Cold, dry weather
- Immune system response
It does not come from allergies or from being dirty.
Newborns and adults between the ages of 30 and 60 are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis. It is more common in men than in women and people with oily skin. These conditions can also increase adults’ risks:
- Eating disorders
- Heart attack or stroke recovery
- Parkinson’s disease
How is seborrheic dermatitis treated?
Following a skincare routine can help control symptoms. Wash the affected areas daily with a gentle cleanser containing zinc (2% zinc pyrithione) and follow with a moisturizer. Healthy lifestyle habits, such as managing stress and getting plenty of sleep, can improve complexion as well.
Treatment for seborrheic dermatitis aims to remove the scales, reduce itching, and calm the inflammation that causes redness and swelling.
In babies, utilizing emollients, for example, mineral oil or Vaseline to delicately relax the scales is typically all that is required. Care can be more complex for adults, who often need ongoing treatment and self-care to help prevent disease flare-ups.
Dermatologists usually start treating mild cases with a topical anti-fungal cream or medicated shampoo, such as an anti-fungal shampoo or an over-the-counter dandruff product.
If the condition is more severe, intermittent use of a topical corticosteroid or calcineurin inhibitor may be required.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Diagnosis
The dermatologist will usually be able to diagnose this disease by looking at your skin and asking you a few questions about your symptoms. Seborrheic dermatitis can look similar to several other skin conditions, especially psoriasis. Sometimes the two conditions can overlap.
If they are not sure whether your symptoms are caused by this disease or your symptoms are severe, your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist. A cosmetologist is a doctor who specializes in identifying and treating skin diseases.
You are more likely to develop this dermatitis, especially in severe cases, if you are immunocompromised (weakened immune system). An example of this if you live with HIV. For this reason, if you have severe symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, your doctor may recommend an HIV test.
Once symptoms disappear with treatment, the following may help prevent the condition from recurring:
- For the scalp – use an anti-yeast (anti-fungal) shampoo such as ketoconazole once every 1-2 weeks. Leave it on the scalp for five minutes before rinsing it off. (Use your regular shampoo at other times.)
- For Body – Daily washing with soap and water helps remove fatty fats from the body. This helps reduce the number of fungal spores to a minimum. Doing this, along with using an anti-fungal shampoo every 1-2 weeks, and rubbing the shampoo lather on your body and scalp, may flush the condition. However, to prevent the condition from recurring, some people need to use an antifungal cream 1-2 times a week, or every other week, on the usually affected skin areas.