Why a mole may need to be removed?
Moles are a common type of skin growth. You probably one or more on your face and body. Most people have 10 to 40 moles on their skin. Most moles are harmless and have nothing to worry about. If the mole doesn’t bother you, you don’t need to remove it. If you don’t like the way it affects your appearance or you are irritated by rubbing your clothes, removing the mole is an option.
Moles have become something that you should definitely consider removing. Any difference in the colour, size, or shape of the mole can be a warning sign of skin cancer. Go to a dermatologist for a checkup. You may be tempted to remove moles at home due to the convenience and cost. Before trying to cut the mole with scissors or rub it in with a store-bought mole cream, read on to discover the risks involved.
How to remove moles?
A dermatologist can usually remove a mole in a single office visit. Occasionally, a second appointment is required.
There are two basic methods that are used to remove moles:
- Shaving excision. For this procedure, your dermatologist will use a thin, razor-like tool to carefully cut out the mole. A device with a small electrode on the end can be used to manipulate electrosurgical pens. The feathers help reduce the appearance of excision by bonding the edges of the wound to the surrounding skin. No stitches are needed after shaving excision. The mole is usually examined under a microscope for signs of skin cancer.
- Surgical excision. This procedure is deeper than shaving excision and is similar to traditional surgery. Your dermatologist will cut the entire mole and the subcutaneous fat layer underneath, and the incision will be closed. Tested for cancer cells of moles.
- Never try mole removal yourself. The risks of infection and staining are great. And if the mole is cancerous, it can leave cancer cells behind.
What happens after mole removal?
Once the mole has been removed, it should be examined for subtle signs of skin cancer. Skin cancer is not uncommon to arise from a mole and can only be detected after a complete examination of the mole by a pathologist.
Please note that non-cancerous mole removal may not be covered by insurance. Your surgeon will help you request approval.
Most moles do not require treatment.
If your mole has cancer, your doctor will perform a surgical procedure to remove it. If there is an irritating mole when you shave, you may want to remove it.
Mole removal takes a short time and is usually done on patients. Your doctor will numb the area around the mole and trim it along the margin of healthy skin if necessary. The procedure can leave a permanent scar.
If you notice a mole growing back, see your doctor right away.
If you feel self-conscious about a mole, you can try makeup to help hide it. If you grow hair from a mole, you can try trimming it close to the surface of your skin. Or talk to your dermatologist about permanent hair and mole removal.
If you ever cut or irritate a mole, keep the area clean. Visit a doctor if the mole does not heal.
What are the risks of mole removal?
The risks of mole removal methods range from infection to rare anaesthesia to very rare nerve damage. It is always advisable to choose a dermatologist or surgeon with the appropriate skills and experience with these extractions. This minimizes the risks associated with this approach.
Other risks vary depending on the area to be treated and the method of extraction.
One of the most common complications after mole removal is scars. Many people try to remove moles for cosmetic reasons, not realizing that each removal causes scars. Your surgeon may administer multiple times
When to see a doctor?
People should consult a doctor or dermatologist before beginning a mole removal procedure at home.
People should also know the signs of skin cancer. If a person notices one or more of the following signs on their mole, they should visit a doctor for a test:
- Irregular shape
- Irregular boundaries
- Quickly changing shape or size
- Colour change
- More than 3 inches in diameter
Causes of moles
- Moles form when skin cells form in groups without spreading across the epidermis.
- Sun exposure plays a role in the progression of moles
- Genetics: Most homes have a type of mole called dysplastic or irregular, which increases the risk of melanoma or skin cancer.
Types of moles
- Congenital moles are birthmarks.
- Dysplastic navels are moles that are larger than normal and are irregular in shape. These are usually dark brown centres and are asymmetrical in colour with light, ragged edges. These moles are usually hereditary and have good potential to develop melanoma.
Reasons for mole removal
- Suspicion of identity and concern if lunar melanoma is skin cancer
- Physically, the mole becomes troublesome, holds clothes, etc.
- Cosmetic causes
- It is important to avoid harmful sun rays.
- Wear a hat and sunglasses
- Apply high factor sunscreen regularly
How long does it take to heal?
The time it takes for a mole removal scar to heal depends, to some extent, on the procedure used by healthcare professionals.
Various methods to remove moles:
Shaving: The most common technique for mole removal is to make the skin pink for a while, often with small spots.
Surgical removal: When a mole is large enough, usually more than 8 millimetres in diameter, the surgeon must reduce it to completely remove the fat under the skin. If the lesion is large, it may be round or shaped like a soccer ball. The surgeon sucks the skin together.
Laser: This method is most effective with shallow moles and is not always flawless.
Radio wave: Some researchers say that this technique causes less scarring.
After mole removal, there are three stages in the scar healing process:
Inflammatory phase: This first phase begins 12 hours after the procedure and lasts approximately 5 days.
Expansion phase: Superimposed with the inflammatory phase, this phase begins approximately 24 hours after extraction and lasts approximately 7 days.
Maturation stage: This last stage can last up to a year after surgery.
Doctors usually remove the stitches from surgical mole removal within 1 to 2 weeks after a procedure. The full recovery period for surgical mole removal is usually 4 weeks.
On average, the body continues to redesign a scar for at least 1 year.