Overview of nutritional problems in India
Nutritional health problems in India: Adequate nutrition is essential for human development. Malnutrition consists of both undernutrition and overnutrition and refers to deficiencies.
An examination of trends in economic growth, health, and nutrition indicates that the country is rapidly experiencing socio-economic, demographic, nutritional, and health transformations. Malnutrition is consistently high in India and remains a challenge.
Some major nutritional challenges in India
- Adult malnutrition, which affects a third of the country’s population, is high.
- Child malnutrition is high, affecting almost one in two children.
- High levels of maternal malnutrition can lead to low birth weight.
- Inappropriate and suboptimal infant and young child feeding and care practices.
- Less awareness of nutrition and the use of local nutritious foods, including nutritional resources.
- Not enough attention is paid to adolescent health and nutrition.
- Lack of access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.
To address these challenges, a comprehensive approach is needed to address the different areas and dimensions of nutrition. There are two complementary approaches to reducing malnutrition, direct nutrition, and indirect multisectoral approaches. Direct intervention such as breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and handwashing practices complete the long-term sustainable multisectoral approach.
The government is committed to addressing India’s nutritional challenges. In recent years, various programs and plans have been launched and expanded with the potential to improve the current nutritional status of the country. Many of these schemes are:
- National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) (2005-06).
- National Horticultural Mission (NHM) (2005-06).
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Program (MGNREGP) (2005-06).
- Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) (2006-07).
- Total Sanitation Campaign / Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (TSC/NBA)
- Lunch (2008-09).
- Integrated Child Development Services Plan (ICDS) (2008-09).
- National Mission for Rural Livelihoods (NMRL) (2010-11).
Recently expanded/universalized and results are likely to appear soon. All of these schemes have the potential to directly or indirectly address one or more aspects of nutrition.