Nutritional Deficiency (Malnutrition) | Symptoms | Nutrition

Nutritional Deficiency (Malnutrition)

8 signs of nutritional deficiency

Here is the detailed information about the symptoms and signs of nutritional deficiency (malnutrition).

Getting the right amount of the right foods is key to a long and healthy life, and your body’s needs will change as your age. For example, you don’t need a lot of calories, but you do need some nutrients like vitamin D and calcium. And as you age, your body may have trouble absorbing and using vitamins found in foods like B12.

Because of this, the elderly do not always get the nutrients they need. It’s a good idea to know the signs of nutritional deficiency (malnutrition) so you can talk to your doctor if you notice any of these signs of nutritional deficiency (malnutrition).

  1. You feel tired

This is a sign that if you don’t have energy all the time, you won’t get some nutrients like iron. Too little of this mineral can lead to anaemia when you don’t have enough red blood cells to supply oxygen and nutrients to parts of your body.

Fatigue can also be a symptom of certain health conditions, such as heart disease or thyroid problems.

  1. Dry and crisp hair

Nutrients like iron, folic acid, and vitamin C are important for your hair. If you don’t get enough of these through your diet, you may notice some unhealthy changes in your diet. Your skin can also be thinner and lighter.

Other health conditions, like your thyroid problem, can also affect your hair and skin.

  1. Striated or spoon-shaped nails

Nutritional deficiency (malnutrition) can cause many changes to your nails. Like your hair, your nails are thin and brittle, but there may be other signs as well. Nails curled in a spoon, especially on the index finger or third finger. This means that it is low in iron.

Your nails can also break or start to come out of the nail bed. In addition to problems with iron, low levels of protein, calcium, or vitamins A, B6, C, and D can lead to nail problems.

  1. Dental problems

Your mouth is one of the first places where signs of nutritional deficiency (malnutrition) appear. Vitamin C deficiency, bleeding, gingivitis of the gums (gum disease). In severe cases, you can even lose your teeth.

Nutritional deficiency (malnutrition) then becomes a double-edged sword: If your mouth hurts and you have problems with your teeth, it can be even more difficult to eat a healthy diet. And it makes it harder to keep your teeth healthy.

  1. Change in bowel habits

Constipation can occur if you don’t get enough fibre found in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

  1. Mental health and mood problems

An unhealthy diet influences depression. It affects very different mental functions and loses interest in the things you enjoy. You may also be in a disoriented state and lose your memory.

  1. Easy wound healing and slow healing

If you are easily injured, especially if there is no obvious reason for it (such as falling or hitting something), your diet will play a role. Specifically, you may be lacking protein, vitamin C, or vitamin K, all of which are necessary for wound healing. Vitamin C helps tissues to repair themselves, and vitamin K is important for blood clotting.

  1. Slow immune response

Without proper nutrition, your immune system may not be strong enough to fight disease. Protein and zinc, vitamins A, C and E are important nutrients for a strong immune system.

How to be healthy

The best way to avoid these types of problems is to eat a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, low-fat milk, and healthy oils. Choose these types of foods at every meal to get the vitamins and minerals you need. And try to limit packaged or processed foods and baked goods high in saturated and trans fat.

If you’re having trouble eating right, talk to your doctor about ways to create a healthier plan.

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