Overview nutrition improvement action plan
At the International Conference on Nutrition (ICD) in December 1992, 159 countries unanimously adopted the World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition, emphasizing the determination of all measures to work together to eliminate hunger and all forms of malnutrition. Participating governments and other stakeholders pledged to do their best to eliminate it by the late 1990s:
- Deaths related to hunger and drought.
- Diseases of hunger and malnutrition in societies affected by natural and man-made disasters.
- Iodine and vitamin A deficiencies.
They promised to significantly reduce during the same period:
- Hunger and chronic widespread.
- Malnutrition, especially in children, women, and the elderly.
- Other significant micronutrient deficiencies, including iron.
- Foodborne infections and non-communicable diseases.
- Social and other barriers to adequate breastfeeding.
- Hygiene, including inadequate sanitation and unhealthy drinking water.
The ICN World Declaration on Nutrition recognizes poverty, social inequality, and lack of education as the root cause of malnutrition and emphasizes that improvements in human well-being, including nutritional well-being, must be central to social development efforts. and economic. The Declaration urges all stakeholders to take concerted action to provide resources directly to those in need so that they can adequately care for themselves by increasing their productive capacity and social opportunities. It emphasizes the need to protect the nutritional well-being of vulnerable groups and calls for specific short-term actions when necessary while working for long-term solutions.
The CIE Action Plan Declaration prescribes the action necessary to achieve the objectives. It provides a technical framework for developing national action plans and adopts key policy guidelines that are subject to national and international policies, strategies, and activities to improve nutrition. Before the end of 1994, governments committed to reviewing or preparing National Plans of Action for Nutrition (NAPPs), including achievable and measurable targets, based on relevant principles and strategies of global planning.
The main focus of the ICN Action Plan for Nutrition is on the strategies and actions necessary to achieve ICN’s overall goals, such as ensuring adequate and safe dietary intake for all and promoting nutritional health and well-being for all. Environmentally good and sustainable development intervention and elimination of drought and drought deaths. These strategies and areas of activity include:
- Incorporating nutritional goals into development policies and programs.
- Protect consumers by improving the quality and safety of food.
- Prevention and management of infectious diseases. Caring for those who are socioeconomically backward and cause malnutrition
- Promotion of breastfeeding, prevent specific micronutrient deficiencies.
- Promote a proper diet and a healthy lifestyle. And evaluating, analyzing, and monitoring nutritional conditions.
An important strategy that will emerge from ICN is to clearly promote better nutrition through a variety of agricultural and development policies and programs that incorporate nutritional objectives and considerations into their planning and implementation. To achieve this, appropriate government sectors must be able to assess the nutritional impact of various policies and programs and take action on that analysis. Many countries have already made good progress in identifying priority issues, reviewing or preparing national plans, and establishing intersectoral mechanisms of action.