Everything You Need To Know About Microdermabrasion | Cosmetology


What is microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive procedure used to renew overall skin tone and texture. It can improve the appearance of sun damage, wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, acne scarring, melasma, and other skin-related concerns and conditions.

The procedure uses a special applicator with an abrasive surface to gently sand away the thick outer layer of the skin to rejuvenate it. A different microdermabrasion technique sprays fine particles of aluminum oxide or sodium bicarbonate with a vacuum/suction to accomplish the same outcome as the abrasive surface.

Microdermabrasion is considered a safe procedure for most skin types and colors. People might choose to get the procedure if they have the following skin concerns:

  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Hyperpigmentation, age spots, and brown spots
  • Enlarged pores and blackheads
  • Acne and acne scars
  • Stretch marks
  • Dull-looking skin complexion
  • Uneven skin tone and texture
  • Melasma
  • Sun damage

Preparing for microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure. There’s very little you need to do to prepare for it.

It a good idea to discuss your skin concerns with a skincare professional to find out if microdermabrasion is the right fit for you. Discuss any past cosmetic procedures and surgeries, as well as allergies and medical conditions.

You may be told to avoid sun exposure, tanning creams, and waxing for about a week before treatment. You may also be advised to stop using exfoliating creams and masks approximately three days prior to treatment.

Remove any makeup and cleanse your face before the procedure begins.


The goal of microdermabrasion is to make a person’s skin smoother, brighter, and more evenly colored.

People often request microdermabrasion to address:

  • Uneven skin tone
  • Uneven skin texture
  • Age spots
  • Dark acnes that can form after acne clears
  • Melasma, a common problem that forms dark spots or patches on the skin
  • Scars

Dermatologists can also use microdermabrasion to enhance the results of anti-aging or skin whitening products.

How does microdermabrasion work?

Microdermabrasion is an in-office procedure that usually takes about one hour. It’s typically performed by a licensed skin care professional, who may or may not be under the supervision of a healthcare provider. This depends on what state you live in. It’s not necessary to use anesthesia or a numbing agent for microdermabrasion.

During your appointment, you’ll be seated in a reclining chair. Your provider will use a handheld device to gently spray on the particles or sand away the outer layer of skin in the targeted areas. At the end of the treatment, a moisturizer, as well as sunscreen, will be applied to your skin.

What home remedies can produce results like microdermabrasion?

There are multiple ways to exfoliate the skin:

  • Use a pumice stone, loofah, or Buf-Puf.
  • Use beach sand to gently exfoliate.
  • Prepare homemade brown sugar and honey rubs.
  • Apply sea salt rubs.
  • Apply Epsom salts scrubs.

Can you exercise after microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a brilliant way to freshen up the look of your skin but, if you don’t want to end up potentially red and itchy or undo some of the anti-aging effects of the treatment that you’re paying for, you’re going to need to know the rules on exercise after microdermabrasion.

What about swimming after microdermabrasion?

Swimming should also be avoided for 24 hours after treatment in case your skin reacts negatively to the chlorine and also as previously mentioned your face will have more open pores and so you don’t want to run the risk of getting an infection. Although on the whole, this would be a very small risk. So, there you have it why you need to avoid vigorous exercise and swimming after microdermabrasion.

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