Cosmetologist Scope and Career Opportunities | Cosmetology


Overview of cosmetologist

A cosmetologist is an expert in makeup, skincare and beauty products. The field of cosmetology includes various occupations like hairstylist and hairdresser, beautician, skincare specialist, aesthetician, nail technician, etc.

What does a cosmetologist do?

Cosmetologists may do several different types of jobs. Here are some of the most common disciplines in cosmetology, and typical tasks.


Skills and tasks a hairstylist manages throughout the week include:

  • Washing, shampooing, drying, cutting hair.
  • Shaping, cutting, texturing, styling, straightening, or curling hair.
  • Colouring, tinting, lightening hair.
  • Chemically changing hair texture, perms, relaxing hair.
  • Braiding hair
  • Installing hair extensions or weaves.


Hairstyling usually refers to serving women, men, and children. Barbering has traditionally focused on male customers. Some of the skills and duties a barber performs are:

  • Cutting, trimming, shampooing, and styling hair.
  • Shaving facial hair
  • Fitting hairpieces
  • Colouring, or perming hair
  • Performing facial treatments


An esthetician focuses on the field of skincare. Here are some of the common treatments a skincare specialist will perform:

  • Facials
  • Exfoliation
  • Skin conditioning and wrinkle reduction
  • Waxing, tweezing, eyebrow threading, and hair removal
  • Anti-ageing treatments

Nail Technician

A nail technician works primarily with fingernails and toenails. Here are some of their beautification specialities:

  • Manicures
  • Pedicures
  • Nail artistry, nail jewellery
  • Gel nails, silk nails, and acrylic nails

Makeup artist

A makeup artist may work in professional photography studios, cinema, special effects, fashion shows, weddings, or special events. These specialized cosmetologists know how different cosmetics interact with skin, and how to achieve certain looks and effects using makeup.


An electrologist uses special equipment to facilitate permanent hair removal. Electricity is applied to damaged hair follicles, so hair does not grow back. This field usually requires additional certification, due to the nature of the procedure.

How to become a cosmetologist?

Students who are interested to become a cosmetologist need to obtain certain educational and licensing requirements. With the right educational qualification and license, cosmetologists can work in several industries and may also be self-employed.

Educational requirements

  • Though there is no formal qualification mandatory to become a cosmetologist, although, many industries will require you to attend a cosmetology school and be at least 16 years of age.
  • There are various diploma and other courses with specialisations that may result in earning an associate degree.
  • Many polytechnics and vocational institutes offer courses in beauty care/cosmetology.
  • Most people in this field continue to take courses that help them stay in line with the latest trends.

The job outlook for cosmetologists

The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that jobs for cosmetologists, barbers, and hairstylists will grow about 8 per cent from 2018 to 2028, which is much faster than average. That trend is expected to continue. Salary can vary for cosmetologists but is usually better at higher paying salons, or for more experienced cosmetologists.

Career paths

Cosmetologists have multiple job opportunities. Many work at salons, spas, resorts, or lease a booth from a salon owner. Some cosmetologists open their own salon after several years of experience. spa, hotel, or resort. Some lease booth space from a salon owner. Some manage salons or open their own shop after several years of experience. Some cosmetologists work in dermatology offices, or as makeup artists.

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