Overview of acne or acne vulgaris
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles blocked up with oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, clogged pores, and pimples. Acne is normal among youngsters.
Effective acne medications are available, but acne can be persistent. Blisters and bumps heal slowly, and as one begins to clear, others seem to grow out.
Contingent upon its seriousness can cause intense trouble and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of developing such problems.
Symptoms of acne
Indications of acne change upon the seriousness of your condition:
- Whiteheads (blocked pores)
- Blackheads (open up clogged pores)
- Small red bumps that are tender to touch (papules)
- Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus on their edges
- Large, hard, and painful lumps under the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled bumps under the skin (cystic lesions)
Acne generally shows up on the face, temple, chest, upper back, and shoulders.
Causes of acne
Human skin contains pores that connect to the sebaceous glands under the skin. Follicles connect glands with pores. Alveoli are small sacs that produce and secrete fluid. The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicles of the skin. Pimples grow when these follicles become blocked and oil builds up under the skin.
Skin, fat, and hair cells can all come together in a tampon. This tampon becomes infected with bacteria, and swelling occurs. Blisters begin to appear when the tampon begins to break down. Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the name of the microbes that live on the skin and add to the contamination of pimples. Research suggests that the seriousness and recurrence of acne rely upon the strain of microscopic organisms. Not all acne bacteria cause pimples. One strain helps keep skin free from pimples.
There are a host of factors that trigger acne, but the main reason is believed to be elevated androgen levels.
Androgens are a type of hormone, which rise in early adolescence. In women, it is converted into estrogen.
High androgen levels cause the sebaceous glands under the skin to grow. An enlarged gland produces more fat. Excessive sebum can break down cell walls in pores, causing bacteria to grow.
Other possible triggers
Some studies indicate that genetic factors may increase the risk.
Other causes include:
- Some medications contain androgens and lithium
- Oily cosmetics
- Hormonal changes
- Emotional stress
Treatment of acne
The goals of treatment are:
- Help heal lesions.
- Stop new lesions from forming.
- Prevent scarring.
Medicines can help stop some causes of acne. Your doctor may recommend that over-the-counter or prescription medications be taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Talk to your doctor about any side effects you experience.
Some people with severe acne may need additional treatments, such as:
- Laser and light treatments.
- A procedure to remove acne when other treatments have not helped.
- The superficial chemical peel that the doctor uses to remove the outer layers of the skin.
- Surgical procedures to help heal and repair scars.
Myths about what contributes to acne are very common. Many people think that foods like chocolate or french fries will contribute to acne. Although there is no scientific support for these claims, there are some risk factors for developing pimples. These include:
- Hormonal changes resulting from puberty or pregnancy
- Certain medications, such as some birth control pills or corticosteroids
- A diet high in refined sugars or carbohydrates, such as bread and potato chips
- Parents having pimples
People are most likely to develop pimples during puberty. During this time, your body undergoes hormonal changes. These changes can lead to oil production, which increases the risk of pimples. Hormonal acne associated with puberty usually subsides or at least improves upon reaching adulthood.
How is acne diagnosed?
Your specialized doctor will determine the types of lesions and their severity to determine the best treatment.
People with darker skin types are more likely than people with lighter complexions to develop this pimples complication:
- Pitted skin (acne scars) and thick scars (keloids) can remain for a long time after the pimples have healed.
- Skin changes. After the pimples clear, the affected skin may be darker (hyperpigmented) or lighter (hypopigmented) than it was before the condition occurred.
Can acne be prevented?
Preventing Pimples is difficult if not impossible during natural hormonal changes. But some things can help:
- Wash your face daily with warm water and a gentle facial cleanser.
- Use moisturizer regularly.
- You don’t have to stop using makeup, but try to use “non-comedogenic” products and remove make-up at the end of each day.
- Keep your hands away from your face.